Our native sunflower is one of my favorite flowers. It comprises the genus Helianthus, which…
Hardy Plants vs Annuals –
There has long been a battle between gardeners who prefer hardy plants or perennials and those who would rather plant annuals for the summer garden.
In the nineteenth century the battle soared to its peak.
In his book A Plea for Hardy Plants (1902) the landscape architect from Pittsburg James Wilkinson Elliott (1858-1939) argued that hardy plants were rare in the garden.
Elliott wrote, “Nine-tenths of the ornamental gardening in America is still done with a few commonplace and uninteresting bedding plants.”
He saw such gardening with annuals as a waste of time and money.
Elliott felt sorry for gardeners who avoided hardy plants.
He wrote “Think of the pity of it, that all this enormous annual expenditure should be wasted – an expenditure that leaves our gardens in the fall exactly as it found them in the spring – bare earth, and nothing in it.”
The beautiful perennial borders of Powerscourt in Ireland illustrate what hardy plants can do for the summer garden. [Below]
Powerscourt’s garden took shape in the early twentieth century when the debate on the use of hardy plants was at its peak both in America and Europe.
To us it may seem like there is no issue here at all. Today most gardeners use a combination of perennials and annuals.
For decades, however, especially during the late Victorian period both in England and America, hardy plants took a back seat to showy annuals.