Last week I had the pleasure of visiting a private garden on three acres, south…
Victorian Flower Fashion –
American gardeners fell in love with annuals after 1850 during the Victorian period.
The use of perennials in the garden re-emerged by the end of the century. They became stylish through the encouragement of English garden authorities like William Robinson and Gertrude Jekyll.
A T. W. Wood and Sons catalog cover [below] from the late 1880s shows a bed of annuals. The round bed sits in a well trimmed lawn.
Philadelphia seedsman Thomas Meehan wrote in his magazine Gardener’s Monthly in 1872: “The evil which accompanied [flower beds, ribbon beds, and carpet beds] was nearly banishing from cultivation the beautiful and interesting tribe known as hardy herbaceous plants. From early spring til late in the fall some of them were in bloom.”
In 1882 Warren H. Manning, New England plantsman, wrote: “The use of tender plants and annuals for bedding purposes in summer decoration has been in vogue for about a quarter of a century, and they have almost entirely superseded hardy herbaceous plants for general cultivation.”
When the English garden style emphasized perennials rather than annuals, we discovered the English had been enjoying many of America’s native perennial plants for decades. By the end of the century native American perennials became a part of our home landscape as well.
As we had for the whole century, America followed the style of English garden design.
The nineteenth century seed and nursery catalogs provided the gardener with inspiration. They also pointed out the latest garden fashion.
Annuals were popular from 1850 until the late 1870s when perennials once again took center stage.
What do you think is the garden fashion today?