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We know in the modern English landscape garden dating from the early eighteenth century the extensive lawn took center stage.
Flower gardens were there, but not emphasized until serious plant collecting from around the world emerged, as well as the support of landscape gardener Humphry Repton (1752-1818).
Garden historians attribute renewed interest in flower gardens to Repton.
Andre Rogger in Landscapes of Taste: The Art of Humphry Repton’s Red Books mentions a significant threesome in Walpole’s book The History of the Modern Taste in Gardening (1780).
Rogger argues that Walpole linked the three most important landscape gardeners of the eighteenth century.
Rogger writes, “The tripartite sequence [in Horace Walpole’s book] William Kent followed by Lancelot Brown followed by Humphry Repton established the canon for the history of English landscape gardening.”
The Victorian Garden
It was Repton’s focus on flowers that makes him so significant as gardening with flowers emerged in the nineteenth century.
In The Garden in Victorian Literature Michael Waters, though not a historian as such, looked at the image of ‘garden’ in Victorian fiction and poetry.
Repton appears important to such artists because he brought back the flower garden to its important position near the house.
Waters writes , “Repton believed this would restore not only the art of gardening but also the social functions of the garden.
“That this was Repton’s major contribution to the history of garden design is occasionally acknowledged in Victorian fiction.”
For Repton flowers ought to be viewed both by the garden’s owner and the visitor.
Mick Thompson, writing in the journal Garden History, says, “During the second half of his career as a landscape gardener. Repton led the way in returning flower gardens, both formal and informal, close to the house where they could be seen and enjoyed.”
Repton includes flowers in this illustration from his Red Book for Ashridge of 1813. [below]. Flowers dot the lawn in both beds and borders.