I love to read old garden magazines. You learn a lot about the growth of…
We like to plant new varieties of old favorites.
Some old favorites however remain pretty much the same year after year.
In her book Popular Annuals of Eastern North America 1865-1914 garden historian Peggy Cornett Newcomb writes that after a long time as a garden favorite the look of the marigold has not changed.
She says, “Comparison of descriptions and photographs of marigolds at the turn of the century and now shows that their appearance then was virtually indistinquisable from today.”
What’s in a name?
The features of the ‘marigold’ are its orange/yellow color and daisy-like appearance.
The Encyclopedia of Gardening says that the name marigold is applied to several different kinds of plants.
It includes the genus called calendula or pot marigold as well as the genus called Tagetes which we know by the names African or French marigold.
The popular annual calendula is a beautiful flower for the summer garden. [below]
Rochester, NY seedsman James Vick (1818-1882) in his seed catalog of 1880 wrote this about the calendula: “The Calendula is the fine old and well known Marigold family, which every one knows, but may not recognize by this name.”
Vick made reference also to the same flower. He said “The old Pot Marigold [or Calendula] much favored for boiled mutton, is C. officinalis.”
On the herbal site called Sunkist Herbal, we read its role in Victorian society: “The calendula (Calendula officinalis) is a hardy annual with single or double daisy-like blooms of yellow or orange.
“The 3- to 4-inch flowers open with the sun and close at night, leading the Victorians to believe they could set a clock by the flower.
“The name ‘calendula’ is from the same Latin word as ‘calendar,’ presumably because the flower was in bloom almost every month of the year.”
In 1880 Vick wrote in the October issue of his magazine Vick’s Illustrated Monthly, “Every one knows the old yellow Marigold, for it is common as the Sunflower, and has been as long as we can remember. It is called in the books Calendula, but that makes no difference, for it is the same old Marigold that many of us have grown for half a century. That name was given because it was thought some species were in flower every month of the calendar.”
He concluded, “The Calendula will probably never take rank with the best annuals, but we are glad to see it make a bold start for the front after so long a stay in the rear. If its improvement should continue, there is no telling the future of this good old flower.”
Vick sold seeds for calendula and other marigolds like African and French marigolds as well.
New Seed Catalog
Yesterday I received the enormous annual seed catalog from the Baker Creek Heirloom Seed Company.
The catalog has its name on the front cover: The Whole Seed Catalog 2021.
It measures 9″ by 11″ with its total pages numbering almost 500. Yes, it is quite large.
In the ‘Flower’ division there is a section for the marigold.
The catalog says, “Marigolds [Tagetes]. Cheerful flowers native to Central and South America, marigolds are strikingly beautiful and amazingly easy to grow.”
So though the marigold may go by different names, its look has remained the same for a long time. And we continue to grow it.