The lawn is a gift of the English garden tradition from the eighteenth century. Early…
Conflicting eighteenth century lawn advice.
It is spring and that mean’s it’s time to look at your grass and figure out what level of maintenance it needs after the winter.
The lawn played an essential role in the landscape design of mid eighteenth century English landscape gardener Lancelot Capability Brown (1716-1783).
By the end of the century another landscape gardener, Humphry Repton (1752-1818), looked at the lawn a bit differently.
The eighteenth century witnessed conflicting advice on the spot where the lawn begins in the landscape.
In his book The English Garden Edward Hyams, writes, “It was Brown’s rules to bring the lawns or at all events grass which might be rather meadow than lawn, right up to the house itself so that the house stood in a sea of grass and the first incidents in the landscape were at some distance.”
Then he writes about Repton’s idea of the lawn. Hyams says, “Instead of bringing the grass up to the house, Repton designed terraces, often with balustrades of stone piers or with urns carrying flowers, to link the house to the garden or park.”
Though both encouraged the lawn, it seemed more an issue of how close the lawn came to the house.
As happens in style and fashion, the Repton view continued into the nineteenth century and terraces became an integral part of the house architecture.
The lawn would come right up to the balustrades.
By the end of the nineteenth century seed company owners usually encouraged lawns. It was not a question of how close to the house, just as long as there was a lawn.
Rochester, New York seedsman James Vick wrote in his seed catalog of 1872, “The space in front of the house, and generally the sides exposed to view from the street, should be in grass. No arrangement of beds, or borders of box, or anything else, will look so neat and tasteful as a well kept piece of grass.”
The lawn by then had become an integral part of residential landscape design, which across America followed the English garden tradition.
In his 1873 company catalog Vick wrote, “A place can never look well unless the lawn and walks are in perfect order.”
By that time the differing views of the lawn from the eighteenth century were long forgotten.