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By Late 19th Century Women Recognized as Gardeners

When the first garden books appeared in England before the seventeenth century, men wrote them. Up to the eighteenth century the scene had not changed. It was only in the later part of the nineteenth century that women were recognized for their gardening skill.

 It was from that point their role in horticulture both in England and America became more visible.

Garden writer and artist David Stuart in his book Garden Triumphant: A Victorian Legacy discussed how men and women related to gardening in the Victorian era. He writes: “By the end of the Victorian period, gardening in all its branches was almost a female preserve, from journalism to the highest reaches of garden design, and it is still today very much their province; few men will admit to be interested in more than the lawn and vegetables.”

Several women contributed to gardening in the late nineteenth century in a significant way like garden writers Jane Loudon and Gertrude Jekyll, who was also a garden designer, and here in the US the garden designer Beatrix Farrand, one of the founders of the American Society of Landscape Architects.  They are the kind of women that Stuart had in mind.

Beatrix Farrand (XX-XX)
Landscape designer Beatrix Farrand (1872-1959) [Courtesy of the Beatrix Farrand Society]
 Below is a garden that Farrand designed in Connecticut early in the twentieth century that is now called Harkness Memorial State Park, originally the home of philanthropist Edward Harkness.

Harkness Memoiral State Park
Harkness Memorial State Park

Though women had gardened for decades, it was only from the late nineteenth century that the mass media through books, catalogs, newspapers, and magazines wrote about it.




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