People plant the same flowers every year. Why? It is the familiar and known that…
Victorian garden advice works –
Garden writers of the Victorian period can offer advice useful for today’s garden as well.
American gardener, writer, and poet Eben E. Rexford (1848-1916) wrote several books about gardening.
In 1890 Rexford first published his book Four Seasons in the Garden.
Several editions followed later in the early 1900s.
Rexford included a chapter called “The Garden in Summer.” In it he addressed several topics familiar to any gardener.
His list of annuals, for example, seems like the summer plants you’d still find at any nursery or big box store. They included Dahlia, Gladiolus, Sweet Pea, Pansies, Asters, and Petunias.
He advised the gardener to make sure to keep up with watering as needed.
Then he wrote about the importance of weeding. He said, “While most of the work of pulling weeks ends with June, it will be necessary to continue the warfare against them, to a greater or lesser extent, throughout the season.”
How well we gardeners know that.
Then I was surprised to read his list of summer plants with showy leaves, a must for any garden.
Rexford said, “Beds of ornamental foliage, like the Coleus, Alternanthera, Achyranthes, Pyrethrum, and Centaurea, will require constant and careful attention if you would have them afford entire satisfaction.”
He endosed the mass planting of such ornamental foliage.
He wrote, “If planted in rows or patterns, they must be clipped two or three times a week to prevent the several colors used from reaching out beyond the limits assigned them and blending with other colors, thus destroying that distinctness of outline upon which much of the beauty of a bed of foliage plants depends.”
Recently I found Rexford’s book at the downtown Boston Athenaeum.
Still in the pocket of the book was a return slip with the date of July 11, 1907 stamped on the slim but well-used card.
Over a hundred years ago someone checked out this book at about this time in the summer, perhaps for some ideas on the summer garden.
Rexford speaks to today’s gardener as much as he did to the Victorian gardener of his day.