Flower beds revolutionized English garden.
We take flower beds for granted, but at one time they became revolutionary, making a statement against the current garden fashion.
The story began in early nineteenth century England when gardeners needed room for the unusual plants coming into the country from Asia, Africa, and America.
Plant collectors risked dangers and even death to provide the unusual and unknown flora from around the world. English gardeners could not get enough of such plants.
The question became ‘Where do I plant them?’ for many gardeners. After decades of stately lawns in front of and behind the house, there seemed little space to showcase these latest garden novelties.
David Stuart in his book The Plants that Shaped our Gardens writes, “When Lady Grenville, in exasperation [about where she would plant the new flowers coming into England from around the world], cut some large circles of the lawn in front of her drawing-room windows, and filled them with scarlet bergamots, blue salvias or yellow cosmos, she broke a century’s taboo, and started a colossal new movement.”
That was 1825. The garden has not been its old eighteenth century version since.
Here a simple act by Lady Grenville, or rather by her gardener, changed gardening.
Late eighteenth century landscape gardener Humpry Repton (1752-1818) had encouraged flowers in the landscape, even suggesting a rosarium for a rose collection. Flowers were not new. What was new was where they were planted in the landscape.
Flower beds on the lawn then became common practice both in England and America.
By 1880 Rochester, New York seedsman James Vick (1818-1882) took flower beds for granted. The beds on the lawn, he advised, needed to include annuals that bloom for the entire season.
Lady Grenville’s example illustrates how sometimes what we take for granted in gardening has a history.
Why we garden in a particular way and with certain plants expresses the culture of a particular time and place.