It seems that the colorful caladium has become this summer's popular garden plant. A local…
Exploring early dahlia history
Since I am interested in how we came to garden with dahlias, I set on a journey to study dahlia history.
Dahlias came from Mexico’s Aztec nation.
According to Martin Kral’s article “Of Dahlia Myths and Aztec Mythology: The Dahlia in History“ there is much confusion on the plant’s origin.
There is no evidence, he argues, that the dahlia was Montezuma’s favorite flower, as some have proposed, but it was part of Aztec gardens.
Kral says, “When the first dahlias were grown in Spain in 1789, the stock most likely came from [those] historic Aztec gardens.”
Thus I discovered a link to the Spanish invasion of Mexico by Hernan Cortes in the sixteenth century.
The new book I then had to read for more background was When Montezuma Met Cortes: The True Story of the Meeting That Changed History by historian Mathew Restall.
russian girl dating in indiaAs I was reading the book, I remembered that the name ‘dahlia’ was given to the flower after it appeared in Europe in the late 1700s. Thus I probably would not find much about dahlias in this book.
I was right.
What I did find was how difficult it was to understand the purpose of the meeting in 1519 between Montezuma and Cortes.
Did Montezuma simply surrender to the Spanish?
That is what some history books over the centuries have claimed.
What Restall points out is that it is not as clear as history books have claimed.
He writes, “Preserving and perpetuating the Meeting as Surrender became increasingly important not just to the Mexican case, but to the entire enterprise of Spanish conquest in the Americas. It was the paramount parable of justification.”
Though I saw no reference to the dahlia, I did learn how authors have interpreted the meeting between Montezuma and Cortes from the very beginning.
Cortes did find elaborately landscaped gardens. The Aztecs cultivated island gardens for food that they grew.
An early history of the conquest does mention gardens among the Aztecs.
In 1568 Bernal Diaz del Castillo wrote a biography of Cortes called The History of the Conquest of New Spain.
Diaz referred to the royal Aztec nursery at Huaxtepec as “the best I have ever seen in all my life.”
It was not, however, until two hundred years later that the dahlia appeared in Europe, first in Spain then in the early 1800s in Germany, France, and England.
By the 1830s the east coast of the United States saw a robust nursery trade in dahlias.
Kral concludes, “The dahlia arrived [in Spain] as part of the 18th century expeditionary plant collection.”